dictionaryAcne- Skin condition in which the skin’s sebaceous (oil) glands over-secrete and clog the skin’s pores when mixed with dead skin cells and skin debris. Acne can be treated with microdermabrasion sessions, or chemical peels.

Acne Scarring- Uneven skin texture created by the formation of scar tissue in response to the healing of once-active acne lesions. Depending upon the severity, acne scarring can become less visible with chemical peels, laser resurfacing, and microdermabrasion treatments.

Age Spots- Areas of dark pigment, also known as sun spots, which develop on the face, neck, chest, arms, and hands of men and women in response to cumulative sun exposure. The appearance of age spots can be reduced through IPL Photofacial & Phototherapy Treatments or chemical peel treatment.

Alphahydroxy Acid (AHA)- A class of acids used as the active ingredients in several chemical peel treatments. The AHA class includes both glycolic acid and lactic acid.

Areola Pigmentation- A type of cosmetic tattooing (Tattoo Procedure Makeup) used for breast cancer patients who have undergone breast reconstruction surgery as a final step in the restoration process.

Bimatoprost- A solution originally formulated to help those with eye conditions; a formulation of which is used in Latisse® to lengthen and thicken eyelashes.

Botox® Cosmetic- Injectable facial rejuvenation treatment made of a purified form of botulinum which serves to relax the wrinkle causing muscle between and around the eyes. Similar to Dysport®.

Chemical peels- Skin treatment type in which controlled amounts of alphahydroxy, phenol, and trichloroatic acids are applied to the skin to induce sloughing and increase collagen production.

Collagen- Protein fiber within the skin which increases elasticity and youthful appearance. Collagen production decreases with age, but can be increased with regular chemical peels or laser skin resurfacing treatments.

Complexion- Compilation of skin descriptors including: skin color, texture, and oiliness that create a person’s skin type.

CoolSculpting®- Non-invasive fat reduction technology that uses Cryolipolysis™ to externally apply extreme cold to small amounts of excess fat.

Cosmetic Tattoos- See “Permanent Makeup.”

Crow’s Feet- Wrinkles around the outside of the eyes caused by aging and repeated facial expressions. Their appearance can be reduced through the injection of Botox® or laser skin tightening (ReFirme™) treatments.

Cryolipolysis™- The active process behind CoolSculpting®, it applies extreme cold to target and cause the body to dispose of unwanted fat through the lymphatic system.

DualSculpting: The practice of using two CoolSculpting® machines simultaneously to target bilaterally symmetrical areas of the body, like the thighs, flanks, buttocks, and love-handles, in order to achieve more evenly symmetrical results in half the time.

Elos®- Short for electro-optical synergy, this system uses laser light and sound waves to tighten skin (eMax™ wrinkle reduction) and target and reduce the appearance of unwanted blood vessels on the face( eMax™ vein treatment).

Epidermal Layers- specialized levels of skin cells whose 5 sheets combine to form the epidermis (skin).

FotoBody RF®- Intense pulsed light treatment which uses heat and light to boost collagen production, improve skin tone and texture, and reduce the visible signs of aging when applied to the body (also known as FotoFacial RF®).

FotoFacial RF®- Intense pulsed light (IPL) and radio frequency skin rejuvenation treatment performed on the face, neck, hands, arms, or body to reduce the signs of aging and improve skin tone and texture (also known as FotoBodyRF®.

Fractional Laser Skin Resurfacing- Type of laser used to effectively remove the damaged, outermost layer of skin while leaving surrounding skin intact, used to address skin imperfections such as scars, hyperpigmentation, and wrinkles.

Hair Follicle- Bulb-shaped structure, located just beneath the scalp or skin’s surface, from which hair grows. The follicle is the target of treatments such as the Candela® and Synerone® laser hair removal systems.

Hyaluronic Acid– Natural substance found within youthful soft tissues. Also used as the active ingredient in wrinkle reduction treatments like Juvederm® to plump the creases and wrinkles that form around the mouth and cheeks with age.

Hyperpigmentation- Areas of skin that contain dark pigment from sun exposure (sun spots), hormonal fluctuations (melasma), or age.

Hypopigmentation- Portions of skin that lack the correct amount of pigment to match surrounding tissue and appear light in color. This condition is often the result of genetics, chemical exposure, or scar tissue from a burn or trauma. Depending upon the size of the affected area, laser skin treatments or Melanage™ peel may be used to decrease the discrepancy in pigmentation by helping generate new skin cells.

Laser vein removal– The elimination of visible veins through the use of laser technology that allows the body to absorb the damaged capillary and leaves surrounding tissue unharmed.

Latisse®- A prescription solution that increases the length, thickness, and darkness of eyelashes

Liposuction- A plastic surgery procedure to remove excess fat through tiny metal tubes called cannulas under general anesthesia.

Marionette Lines- Also known as smile lines, these wrinkles form at the corners of the mouth in response to reduced skin elasticity, decreased collagen production, and repeated facial expressions. Their appearance can be deemphasized through the injection of facial fillers like Juvederm® and Radiesse®.

Melasma- Areas of hyperpigmentation (usually on the face of women) due to fluctuations in hormone levels. The appearance of melasma can be reduced through chemical peel and microdermabrasion treatment.

Melanage™- Chemical peel type offered at AYA Medical Spa which helps to lighten areas of hyperpigmentation or melasma with regular treatment.

Melanin- Skin pigment produced by melanocytes within the dermis that gives skin its color.

Mesobotox- A new cosmetic injectable technique that combines Botox® and mesotherapy, a European injection technique that uses nutrients, vitamins, and antioxidants, for more natural and younger-looking results.

Microdermabrasion- Exfoliation treatment which combines manual and instrument-assisted skin abrasion to strategically slough dead, dull epidermal layers to reveal the healthy, younger-looking skin underneath. Depending upon the type of microdermabrasion treatment, exfoliation can be accomplished using diamond chips (DiamondTome™) or fine mineral (MegaPeel Platinum®) crystals.

Micro Needling – Non-invasive anti-aging technique that uses small disk needles to create minimal dermal damage to induce the body’s natural healing ability to renew skin cells.

Non-ablative- Laser skin treatment type that utilizes tiny columns of light to penetrate deep into the skin to boost collagen production and reduce unwanted pigmentation without disrupting the surface of the skin or the surrounding tissues.

Perioral Lines- Deep creases that form around the mouth due to aging, repeated facial expressions, and the motions associated with smoking. Their appearance can be reduced with chemical peel treatments or through the injection of dermal fillers like Juvederm® and Radiesse®.

Permanent Makeup / Tattoo Procedure Makeup– A method of applying pigment within the dermis of the skin like a tattoo.  Cosmetic tattoos are used to accentuate facial features such as the eyes, brows and lips; to conceal scars (see scar camouflage); or to add areola pigmentation for breast cancer patients.

Phenol Acid– Concentrated acid base diluted for use in chemical peels, such as the Vi Peel™ to induce peeling and the production of new, unblemished skin cells.

Photodynamic Therapy- A treatment that uses a photosynthesizing agent to make the skin more susceptible to the positive effects of light treatment.

Radiesse®– Dermal injection treatment made with calcium base which works to rejuvenate the skin’s sub structure and promote the body’s ability to produce collagen.

Retinoic acid- Also known as vitamin A acid, this naturally occurring substance within the skin helps cells grow and develop, but the body’s ability to produce retinoic acid decreases with age. Topical application with products containing retinoic acid like the Quelage chemical peel boosts collagen production, decreases the appearance of wrinkles, and improves skin tone and texture.

Rosacea-Skin condition characterized by concentrated redness, inflamed blood vessels, rash or acne like raised bumps, and rough skin texture.

Scar Camouflage- A type of Tattoo Procedure Makeup that is used to conceal scars.

Sculptra™ Aesthetic– Injectable facial rejuvenation treatment made from polylactic (fruit) acid which stimulates increased collagen production and re-plumps lost facial volume of the cheeks.

Skin Lightening System- Known as the Melanage™ Peel at AYA Medical Spa, this system’s chemical components strategically slough dead, dull epidermal layers to boost collagen production and decrease the appearance of hyperpigmented areas of the body.

Skin rejuvenation- Cosmetic skin treatments and procedures that serve to reduce the visible signs of aging including: IPL Photofacial & Phototherapy Treatments, Botox® Cosmetic, Radiesse®, Sculptra®, Juvederm®, and ReFirme™ Skin Tightening.

Skin tone-Descriptor used to emphasize the coloring or distribution of melanin in the skin.  Skin treatment may be necessary to create a more uniform skin tone over areas of the body.

Smile Lines– Wrinkles that form along the cheeks in reaction to years of repeated facial expressions. Typically, the appearance of these wrinkles is reduced through dermal injections, laser skin resurfacing, or chemical peels.

Spider veins– Red, blue, or purple visible veins that can appear in the legs and face. They often look like spider webs or tangled tree branches under the surface of the skin.

Sun damage- Areas of hyperpigmentation (dark pigment) or hypopigmentation (absence of pigment) on the skin caused by cumulative exposure to ultra violet light from the sun.

Telangiectasia- Small, dilated blood vessels that become visible underneath the skin and can be removed with laser vein treatment

Thermolysis- The breakdown of molecules through heat application. This process in the driving force behind facial rejuvenation with Refirme™Skin Tightening.

Topical Anesthesia- A substance that is applied to the skin in order to cause a temporary numbing sensation to reduce pain.

Trichloroatic Acid (TCA)- Active ingredient in most medium strength chemical peels, promotes shedding of epidermal layers for increased collagen production and the decreased appearance of medium depth wrinkles and lines on the face.

Ulthera®- A skin tightening system that uses ultrasound technology to safely and effectively firm and tighten loose skin around the forehead, eyes, and neck.

Ultraviolet rays– Radiation from the sun that is not visible to the human eye, but can damage the skin causing premature aging and skin cancer.

Vascular lesions: A skin condition caused by an abnormality in the blood vessel’s location directly underneath the skin, usually resulting in a red appearance of the skin.

Vertical Lines– Tiny, vertical wrinkles that appear on the upper lip in the area between the mouth and nose in response to decreased skin elasticity, smoking, and repeated facial expressions. These wrinkles can be reduced through skin resurfacing treatments and the injection of Juvederm® and Radiesse®.

Vi Peel™– Chemical peel combining phenolic acid, vitamin C, and Retin-A applied to the face, hands, arms, chest, elbows, or knees that decreases the signs of aging and blemishes while improving the tone and texture of skin.